In many western European countries the employment of migrant care workers mainly from the new EU member states as well as increasingly from outside Europe emerged as one solution to the care gap and the lack of care staff. Dependent on the long-term care policy approach, care migration is oriented towards the employment of migrant care workers within private households or by professional care providers respectively a mix of both.
Patterns of integration, i.e. migration status, labour market- and working-situation and related access to social rights differ widely between countries but also between migrant care workers employed by private households or by professional providers. Social policies in particular the mix of countryspecific long-term care-, employment- or professionalization- and migration policies impact on the patterns of integration. Furthermore, in particular the emerging employment of migrant care workers in private households triggered the introduction of new social policies as well as approaches to improve their situation developed by different social actors including the migrant care workers themselves.
The present stream aims to discuss these developments by inviting researchers to submit papers on the analysis of the interrelated impact of different social policies on the patterns of integration of migrant care workers within private households respectively in the professional care infrastructure and new policies or approaches developed by the state or social actors to improve the situation.
We particularly welcome and prioritize papers addressing the following issues:
– Empirical analysis of the effects of selected social policies and their interrelationships on the situation of migrant care workers in particular on the migration status, labour market- respectively working situation within one country or by cross-country comparisons.
– Empirical analysis of the impact of distinct characteristics of the migrant care workers themselves; i.e. the country of origin, training levels, age, gender etc. on the patterns of integration.
– Empirical analysis of approaches to improve the situation
. based on social policies
. developed by selected social actors, e.g. civil society actors such as unions, welfare associations but also by agencies, migrant care workers themselves etc.
– Theoretical contributions proposing new frameworks or theoretical concepts to define and analyze the distinct developments.